The Literary Editing Project, or the LEP for short, addresses key grammatical forms and grammatical functions that will help you execute not only good copy but also a grammatically accomplished literary manuscript. The method of this process is called MCINTOSHFORMS™, and it is helmed by the established rules of grammar to help elevate the quality of your literary writing. Together, the execution and the elevation will be achieved through greater awareness of grammatical functions and syntactic functions and the use of the Find tool in Microsoft (MS) Word through a search dialog. Based on the syntax provided by MCINTOSHFORMS™ for the particular grammatical search being performed, grammatical constituents will be highlighted via the Find tool.

It is important to state here that the LEP ascribes to the Form-Function Method for teaching grammar to bring focus to certain grammatical functions that may need attention in your manuscript.


MCINTOSHFORMS™ is complementary to The Literary Editing Project, which is divided into two parts, Language and Semantics and Shape and Readability. The former focuses on modifying phrases (verbals), reduced relative clauses, and noun phrases. It also highlights a particular literary device known as the continuative appositive relative clause (ARC) for its use to exploit polyphony in narrative. Polyphony is a metaphor based on a musical term of the same name. When this device is applied in a narrative, the result is different points of view and voices in simultaneity. The concept was introduced by Mikhail Bakhtin, a literary critic, amongst other titles.

The second part of the LEP concerns itself with punctuation, phrases and words to which to pay special attention, parallelism, and formatting, all of which impact the shape and readability of a manuscript.

The Literary Editing Project acknowledges that grammar influences diction, and as such, the project focuses on key syntactic functions that will help you to execute not only good copy but also a grammatically accomplished literary manuscript using MCINTOSHFORMS™.


Chomsky’s linguistic theory (generative grammar) states that Language is an infinite number of well-formed sentences. Using that theory, The Literary Editing Project in combination with MCINTOSHFORMS™ looks at sentence syntax and semantics through the lens of grammatical form and grammatical function. The LEP identifies some of the most integral operatives (words, phrases, and clauses) involved in constructing a highly readable and semantically sound literary manuscript. The LEP focuses on the editing process, but it also reinforces the importance of the writer’s taking it upon himself or herself to study every nuance and aspect of English, should he or she want to be further empowered to tell stories that delve into the very psychology of its characters, milieu, and narrative devices.

“Language alone protects us from the scariness of things with no names. Language alone is meditation.”

– Toni Morrison

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